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What is a warehouse equipment?

2023-12-20 15:32:49

Concept:
Warehousing forklifts are mainly forklifts designed for handling goods in warehouses. Except for a few warehousing forklifts (such as manual pallet forklifts) which are driven by manpower, others are driven by electric motors. They are widely used in the warehousing industry because of their compact body, flexible movement, light weight and good environmental performance. When operating in multiple shifts, motor-driven warehouse forklifts require backup batteries.

Classification:
Warehousing forklifts are mainly divided into: electric pallet trucks, electric pallet stackers, reach forklifts, electric picking forklifts, low-riding three-way stacking forklifts, high-riding three-way stacking forklifts, counterbalanced electric forklifts, and three-fulcrum forklifts. 

Main features and performance:
Electric pallet truck: carrying capacity 1.6 to 3.0 tons, working channel width is generally 2.3 to 2.8 meters, fork lifting height is generally around 210mm, mainly used for horizontal transportation and cargo loading and unloading in warehouses. There are three operating modes: walking, standing and riding.
Electric pallet stackers are divided into two types: fully electric pallet stackers and semi-electric pallet stackers. As the name suggests, the former is driven and the lifting is controlled electronically, which is more labor-saving. The latter requires manual pulling or pushing of the forklift, and the lifting is electric. The carrying capacity is 1.0 to 2.5 tons, and the width of the working channel is generally 2.3 to 2.8 meters. The structure has more masts than the electric pallet handling forklift. The lifting height of the cargo fork is generally within 4.8 meters, and is mainly used for stacking and loading and unloading of goods in the warehouse.
Reach-type forklift: carrying capacity is 1.5 to 2.5 tons. The mast can be moved forward or retracted as a whole. When retracted, the width of the working channel is generally 2.7 to 3.2 meters. The lifting height can be up to about 11 meters. It is commonly used in medium-height warehouses. Stacking and picking operations. Reach forklifts can be divided into large reach (with a cab and steering operated by a steering wheel) and small reach (steering operated by a handle) according to the operation mode.
Electric picking forklift: Under certain working conditions (such as supermarket distribution centers), there is no need to ship the entire pallet. Instead, multiple varieties of goods are selected according to the order to form a pallet. This step is called picking. According to the height of the picked goods, electric picking forklifts can be divided into low-level picking forklifts (within 2.5M) and mid-high-level picking forklifts (up to 10 meters). Carrying capacity: 2.0 to 2.5 tons (low position), 1.0 to 1.2 tons (medium and high position, with cab lifting).
Three-way stacking forklift: Usually equipped with a three-way stacking head, the forklift does not need to turn. The fork can be rotated to stack and pick up goods on both sides. The channel width is 1.5 to 2.0 meters, and the lifting height can reach 12 meters. The cab of a forklift is always on the ground and cannot be lifted. Considering the limitations of the operating field of view, it is mainly used for lifting heights less than 6 meters. High-riding three-way stacker forklift: Similar to the low-riding three-way stacker forklift, the high-riding three-way stacker forklift is also equipped with a three-way stacking head, with a channel width of 1.5 to 2.0 meters and a lifting height of up to 14.5 meters. The cab can be lifted so that the driver can clearly observe the goods at any height and can also perform picking operations. The high-riding three-way stacker forklift is superior to the low-riding three-way stacker forklift in terms of efficiency and performance, so this model has gradually replaced the low-riding three-way stacker forklift.

Warehousing forklift models:
1. Car model selection: Car models and configurations required for the job.
1. Model classification: Electric forklifts can usually be divided into six categories: counterbalanced electric storage forklifts, three-fulcrum electric forklifts, stackers,reach electric forklifts,three-way stacking forklifts , and electric tractors.


(1) Counterbalanced electric forklift uses electric motor as power and battery as energy source. The carrying capacity is 1.0 to 4.8 tons, and the working channel width is generally 3.5 to 5.0 meters. No pollution and low noise.


(2) Three-fulcrum electric forklifts are also powered by electric motors and batteries are used as energy sources. With a carrying capacity of 1.0-2.0 tons, this series of forklifts have the characteristics of no pollution, low noise, and easy operation. And because it uses three pivot points as the support form, it can achieve 90° steering and a small turning radius, making it suitable for material handling and storage in narrow aisles or small working spaces.


(3) Stacker: Stacker forklifts are mainly forklifts designed for handling goods in warehouses. Except for a few (such as manual pallet forklifts) that are driven by manpower, others are driven by electric motors. They are widely used in the warehousing industry because of their compact body, flexible movement, light weight and good environmental performance. When operating in multiple shifts, motor-driven warehouse forklifts require backup batteries.


(4) Reach electric forklift
The carrying capacity is 1.0 to 2.5 tons. The mast can be moved forward or retracted as a whole. When retracted, the working channel width is generally 2.7 to 3.2 meters, and the lifting height can reach up to about 11 meters. It is often used for medium-height stacking and retrieval in warehouses.

(5)Low-riding three-way stacking forklifts are usually equipped with a three-way stacking head. The forklift does not need to turn. The fork can be rotated to stack and pick up goods on both sides. The channel width is 1.5 to 2.0 meters, and the lifting height can reach 12 rice. The cab of the forklift cannot be lifted from the ground at all times. Considering the limitations of the operating field of view, it is mainly used in working conditions where the lifting height is less than 6 meters. ​High-riding three-way stacker forklift Similar to the low-riding three-way stacker forklift, the high-riding three-way stacker forklift is also equipped with a three-way stacking head, with a channel width of 1.5 to 2.0 meters and a lifting height of up to 14.5 meters. Its cab can be lifted, and the driver can clearly observe the cargo at any height. It is also an electric tractor.

(6)Electric tractor The tractor is driven by an electric motor and uses its traction capacity (3.0 to 25 tons) to pull several trolleys loaded with goods. It is often used to transport large quantities of goods within or between workshops.

 

 

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